The seat of the Windsor chair is the foundation around which the chair is built. Sculpted into a "Saddle" for comfort, the seat is made of thick wood into which the chair-back and legs are pushed into drilled holes. The legs are spalyed and fitted with a cross brace, (aka a stretcher), offerring maximun balance, strength and stability. The beautiful, curved and slightly reclined spindle back of the Windsor chair offers strong support when leaning back to relax. Traditionally, the legs, stretchers and uprights of a Windsor Chair are turned on a lathe, formin a decorative spindle. The back and the arms are formed by steaming and bending (steam bent) pieces of wood.
You can find Windsor Chairs in a variety of forms, woods and finishes. Windsor chairs are identified by the stlye of the back and the arms (See below in the photos of the most common American Windsor forms). Arm chairs, side chairs, benches, setees, writing chairs, rocking chairs and stools have all been made in the Windsor style.
Different regions of the country have made their unique impression on the Windsor chair; for example, New England and Philadelphia have distinctive turned spindles, each design different from the other. Many design eras have also left their mark on the Windsor chair. Adaptations have been made to the traditional Windsor styles taking on design elements from the Chippendale, Gothic, Sheraton and Mid-century periods.
Long live the Windsor Chair.